《新闻与传播评论(2006-2007年卷)》内容提要

本文章(新闻)来自:J&C 发布时间:2008-03-24 09:22:35

理性的驾驭与拯救的幻:解李普曼思想的价与困局

单波   罗慧

内容提要:本文试图从理性主义角度重新审视李普曼思想的价值与困局。李普曼的政治理性的价值在于,不回避人的非理性,不屈从于各种常规、禁忌,而是遵从事实与真相,开放人的主体意识。而其根本性的理论盲点表现为:夸大公众理性能力的缺失,同时又忽视理性自身的内在局限,从而陷入由科学所引导的技术理性的幻觉。超越李普曼的可能性在于回到“完整的人”的理念上来,祛除单向地把人想象为理性的人或非理性的人的观念,而真正的“理性的驾驭”是从公众面对真相,面对事实,提供讨论公共利益的无限多样的可能性,相互尊重每个人的传播权利。

关键词:李普曼  理性主义  公众舆论  传播权利

        Rational Control and Disillusioned Salvation: Interpretation of the

    Values and Predicaments of Lippmann's Theory in Mass Communication

 Abstract: This essay tries to re-understand the value and predicament of Lippmann's theory in Mass Communication in the sight of rationalism. Rather than shunning the irrational appearances of human and following the conventions or veranda, the values of his theory are obeying the fact and truth and arousing people's consciousness of themselves as individuals. However, the underlying blind spots of his theory are also obvious. As exaggerating public's lack of ration and ignoring the inner limitations of rattan, Lippmanns theory falls into the illusions which lead by science. Therefore, the only possibility of surpassing his theory requires of returning to the concept of "complete person and getting rid of simply dividing human being into rational and irrational. And the spiritual of rational control" are presenting truths and facts to the public, providing various possibilities of discussing public interest and respecting everyone's right of communication.

  Key Words: Lippmann  rationalism  public opinion  right of communication

  

 

 

 

创新新闻学的概念辨析与理论溯源

石义彬   张卓

内容提要:“创新新闻学”这一个概念在2003年由物理学博士大卫·洛德福斯(David  Nordfors)提出,他曾就职于瑞典最大的IT杂志,20036月瑞典创新署(Swedish Government Agency for Innovation Systems VINNOVA)设立创新新闻基金,大卫·洛德福斯项目出任,创新新闻学,简言之,即“报到创新的新闻学”(journalism covering innovation)。其关注的焦点是新闻学如何在社会创新过程中发挥积极重要的作用,以及新闻学教育如何突出创新的原则。本论文将就创新新闻学的概念、主要观点、理论渊源以及研究现状作简要分析。

关键词:创新系统    创新新闻学   技术   市场

 

 

The Concept and Theoretical Sources of the Innovation Journalism

Abstract: The concept "Innovation Journalism" is suggested by Dr. David Nordfors, who worked for one of the biggest IT magazine in Sweden. In June 2003 Swedish Government Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA) created a fund for innovation journalism, and David Nordfors was appointed the director of this project. In a word, innovation journalism is "journalism covering innovation". It focuses on how journalism plays an important role in the process of social innovation, and journalism education how to emphasize the innovation. This paper plans to analyse the concept, the main opinions, the theoretical sources and the research status quo of innovation journalism..

Key Words: innovation system  innovation journalism  technology  market

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

新闻:真实性或者客观性

——一种想象学路径的分析

张小元

内容提要:本文试图以想象学的思想方法重新认识新闻真实性这个传统命题,本文认为,认识论意义上的“新闻真实”不应该是新闻学探讨的问题,也不应该是新闻人和新闻媒体应该追求的目标。我们可以追求到和应该追求的、有意义的是“新闻客观性”。传统的“新闻真实”是把目光集中与“新闻事件”和“新闻报道”的关系上,所谓“新闻真实”就是说,两者具有某种关系上,所谓“新闻客观性”就是说两者具有“同一性”。“新闻客观性”就是“新闻人”保证自己不撒谎,但是并不保证“新闻事件”和“新闻报道”的关系上,具有“同一性”。

关键词:形象学   新闻真实性   新闻客观性

 

On the reality or the objectivity of news

Abstract: This paper tries to rerealize the traditional proposition--the reality thoughtway of Phenomenology. In this paper," the reality of news" on Epistemology should not become the problem which the Journalism discusses, and also not the aim which journalists and news media pursue. Contrarily, "the objectivity of news" should be the pursuit aim. And this is significant. "The reality of news" on the traditional sense, focuses on the relationship of "events' and "reports", which means that there is uncertain "identity' between the two sides. However, "the objectivity of news" on Phenomenology emphasizes the relationship between the "journalists" and "reports", which means that there is "identity" between them. What is called "the objectivity of news", is "journalists" guarantee not to lie, but not guarantee the "identity" between "events" and "reports"

Key Words: Phenomenology  the reality of news  and the objectivity of news

 

 

 

 

从本真生存到人神和谐

——海德格尔传播思想探析

 

内容提要:本文从海德格尔早期基础存在论和晚期的诗性之思入手,探寻这位二十世纪存在主义大师独具一格的传播思想,分析了世俗化传播活动“闲谈”和技术化传播活动“订制信息”的非本真性,并提出“良知的呼唤”和“诗性传播”两种本真的传播方式。海德格尔传播思想当代意义在于,针对当前的技术时代,可以通过改造我们的传播符号来改变人类的生存方式。

关键词:订制信息   本真传播   良知的呼唤    诗性传播   非本真传播

 

Discovery of Heidegger's Communication Thought

Abstract: According to the fundamental ontology of pre-Heidegger and the thinking of poetry of post-Heidegger, this article aims to the unique communication thought of a existentialism master in the 20th century, Heidegger. He thinks the common communication," gossiping" as well as the technicalization communication, "ordering information" are all untruths. On the contrary, "calling of the conscience" as well as" communicating of the poetry" belong to the communications of truths. For the present, by means of altering communication symbols, human being can change our existences.

Key Words: calling of the conscience  communicating of the poetry  ordering information  the communication of truth  the communication of untruth

 

 

 

 

 

 

传媒的权力

——浅论若干西方著名学者关于“权力”的思考

刘娜

内容提要:本文通过对西方若干著名学者的关于“权力”观点的梳理,重新审视“权力”以及考察传媒的权力。在研究过程中,更多地对这些学者的学术背景进行关注,努力发现他们观点中的暗和和分歧。尤其对葛兰西的“文化领导权”展开分析,探讨传媒权力的根源。福柯的“话语权”理论为传媒权力的解析提供了辅证。以伯明翰学派为例从文化和社会的关系角度分子传媒权力的可靠性和持久力,从而进一步提出传媒的权力也反映着社会权力的构成。

关键词:传媒   权力  葛兰西  福柯   伯明翰学派

 

Media Power

——An Investigation of the" Media Power" in Several Western Scholar' s Theories

Abstract: This paper tries to investigate the "power" and the "media power" by looking through several western scholars' theories. The research emphases the academic background of these scholars and find out the similarities and differences among them. Especially based on Gramsci's "hegemony'' and Foucault's "discourse", the paper tries to trace the root of media power. Furthermore, the Birmingham School provides the research angles from the cultural and social view.

Key Words: Media  Power  Gramsci  Foucault  Birmingham School

 

 

 

 

 

关于中国古代新闻传播活动的几点看法

周光明

内容提要:本文首先评价了中国古代新闻传播活动的研究现状,提出了正视或重视相关研究的理由,然后,分三部分展开。第一部分指出,中国最早的官报在不早于唐代也不晚于唐开元年间出现,它的名称是“开元条报”,而不再延用“开元杂报”。第二部分指出,中国古代的新闻传播活动发展到宋代就形成了新闻传播事业,出现了“新闻的自觉”。第三部分对中国古代新闻传播活动的总体或最终水平作了一些评估,认为中国古代特殊的新闻传播环境使得既有的传播技术可以满足当时社会对新闻信息量的需求,结论是:若无外部力量的介入本土便不能产生近代媒体。本文结语部分对今后的中国古代新闻传播的研究走向提出了一些建议。

关键词:开元条报  “新闻的自觉“ 新闻信息需求量   帝国传播

 

Viewpoints of the Activities of Ancient China News Communication

Abstract: This paper evaluates the current conditions of Chinese ancient news communication and proposes the reasons of the relative research. There are three parts of this paper. In the first part, it says that the earliest official paper did not occur in Tang Dynasty, nor late than Kaiyuan period of Tang Dynasty, its name is "Kaiyuan Tiao Bao" instead of "Kaiyuan Za Bao". The second part analyses that news communication and "the consciousness of news" began at Song Dynasty. The third part is the comments on the Chinese ancient news communication. The final research result is that the recent media could not develop without the outer force.

Key words: Kaiyuan Tiao Bao  "The consciousness of news"  The need of news information Imperial Communication

 

 

 

 

1942年河南大灾荒中的《大公报》

李卓钧   李国平

内容提要:1942年河南大灾惨绝人寰,国民党当局不准报道。当时《大公报》本着媒体的责任和良知,突破新闻封锁,对这场灾难做出了真实客观的报道,对时弊进行了无畏的批评,并对受难同胞积极援助,在当时产生重大影响,但却因此遭到了国民党当局的惩罚。

关键词:大公报  1942年河南大灾荒  新闻封锁

 

Ta Kung Paoin 1942' s Big Drought of Henan

Abstract: The Big drought of Henan in: 1942 was extremely tragic, but the KMT(Kuomintang) authority didn't report it at that time. With the responsibilities and consciences, the Ta Kung Pao broke down the information blockade, made the courageous and objective report, and carded out the outmoded fearless criticism to the authorities as well as the active assistance to the compatriots suffering distress. The Ta Kung Pao's deeds had a tremendous impact, while the KMT authority had been published.

Key Words: Ta Kung Pao  Famine of Henan in 1942  Information blockade

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

英美广播电视制度差异探源

刘建明

内容提要:本文探讨了英国和美国广播电视制度差异的根源。英美在政治、经济、文化等制度方面存在着诸多共性或相似之处,但在广播电视制度是却选择了截然不同的路径,英国选择了公众服务广播占主导的路径,而美国确立了商业体制为主导的制度。由于英美广播电视体制是西方其他国家的原形,所以研究其差异的根源具有学理上的典型意义。论文主要采用文献分析法,发现经济因素在两国广播电视制度形成过程中起到决定性作用。

关键词:英国   公共广播   美国   商业广播

 

The Original Difference between British Broadcasting

System and American One

Abstract: The thesis probes into the origins of the difference between British broadcasting system and American one. The two countries had had something in common in such fields as political, economical and cultural system, but they have chosen a very different development path in broadcasting system. The former has chosen public service broadcasting system, the latter has done commercial one. Because the two systems were followed by the other western countries, the writing is of typical significance in academic discussion. Mainly using the literature analysis, the thesis finds that economic factor played a decisive role in the process that the two countries' broadcasting systems formed.

Key Words: Britain  public service broadcast  America  commercial broadcast.

 

 

 

 

 

欲望的符号呈现、解读与产生

——论德勒兹、艾柯与《玫瑰之名》

吴予敏   杜妍

内容提要:本文考察了当代哲学家德勒兹和符号学家艾科的欲望理论和符号理论,分析二者的思想联系与差别,以及对于现代性反思的理论意义。通过分析艾柯根据其符号理论完成的创作实践成果——小说《玫瑰之名》文本和此后改编的同名电影文本,解释不同媒介形态中欲望符号的意义呈现、解读和产生。

关键词:德勒兹  艾柯  欲望理论  符号诠释  《玫瑰之名》

 

The Semiotic Presentation, Interpretation aha Production of Desires

——On Deleuze ,Eco and the Novel & Movie Name der Rose

Abstract: This paper explores the Theory of Desires and the Semiotic Theory of Gilles Deleuze and Umberto Eco to identify the academic coherences and the differences between the two theories so as to figure out their theoretical significance on modernity reflective thinking. Taking Eco's novel Name der Rose as the case, this study conducted a series of analysis on the text of the novel and later the text of the re-edited movie. The analysis attempts to decode symbolic presentation, interpretation and production of the symbols of desires in various medium.

Key Words: Gilles Deleuze  Umberto Eco  the Theory of Desires  Semiotic hermeneutics  Name<